Research based neutron sources offer a number of opportunities to study problems ranging from fundamental physics to application in the industry and everything in between. In this talk I will be covering the later part of this range focusing on problems of the industrial nature and some examples of materials research. Starting from general introduction of how a neutron source operates, I will introduce the technical and non-technical aspects of specific neutron techniques used for industrial applications. In particular, I will talk about the neutron imaging techniques, neutron based stress measurements and other techniques relevant to engineering sciences (texture, phases, twinning etc.). I will be presenting case studies to highlight how these techniques are being used to solve real world problems. Most of my examples will come from the ISIS neutron source, which is one of the world’s leading neutron sources located in Oxfordshire in the UK. I will end with a general perspective on the future of neutron sources and techniques both in the UK and globally.